Ergonomics, the science of designing for human comfort and safety, is not only a way to improve your comfort in your work. Ergonomics has been widely adopted in today’s society because it’s proven to be a better way to prevent injuries than previous methods.
As you know, if you spend your day hunched over a computer screen for hours on end without taking frequent breaks, you can suffer from various health issues such as back pain and neck pain. You could end up developing carpal tunnel syndrome.
Before you can design ergonomic furniture, you need to know the basics. First, learn about how the human body works. The human body is made up of a skeleton and various muscles that perform different functions, which make up the skeleton.
Each section of the skeleton has a specific function and works in conjunction with the other sections to create the human body.
By understanding this, you can design furniture to optimize human comfort. After you understand how the human body works, you can determine the best ways to make your designs more comfortable. You can also create your own ergonomic furniture to improve your own comfort.
Ergonomic Design Process
If you would like to design a comfortable, ergonomic desk and chair, first you have to set goals for the design.
It’s recommended that you prepare the following lists for your design: How much space do you need? How much will you work? What will you need to adjust when you sit at your desk? How much do you have to have at hand? Are you flexible or prone to aches and pains? How will you lift it? Will you be able to fit a printer underneath? What do you like and dislike about your current workstation? How will you measure your desk from different angles?
Is there any equipment that will add extra work for you? Now you have some ideas of what you need to work on. You should also have a look at ergonomic designs to learn more about what you should avoid.
Ergonomic Guidelines for Computer Use
The Office 2003 by Herman Miller, popularly known as o3, is well known for its ergonomic features. Every single office chair, monitor and mouse are ergonomically designed to keep you comfortable while you work for long hours in your office. It’s also great for everyday casual uses, such as sitting in your chair at home. This is also an excellent chair for those with bad backs or neck pain.
Keyboard and Mouse
Keyboards and mice come in all different shapes, sizes, weights, and patterns to accommodate different individuals, and yet you can see how the way they are designed remains relatively unchanged. These devices aren’t very user-friendly, but luckily there is a way to fix that. Not only can you use them in a better way, but you can improve their ergonomics as well.
Keyboard: A keyboard that’s wider than most is a sign of bad ergonomics, because it puts you in a position that will cause the body to bend at an odd angle. Your arms will get tired, and the problem will start to snowball from there. Instead, check out the split keyboard keyboard. It is a common alternative, and it is very popular with both professional and casual users alike.
Other Input Devices
Just like touch screens and other input devices, HMD’s can affect users’ posture.
Devices that allow for total head and eye movement, whether that’s AR or VR, can affect a user’s posture. AR, especially, should work to decrease the degree to which we need to strain our necks and necks muscles. Even the “Playtime” mode in your phone app, should be designed to reduce your effort by making it easy to rest your head.
The way your phone moves in relation to your head could actually end up making it harder to rest your head.
Apps with a level of sensory integration also need to use techniques to protect users from possible injury. Designing a game that makes you jump into a virtual world is not going to protect you if your phone suddenly gets jarred and your device shakes.
There is no room for ergonomic workstations.
People do not design workstations to be ergonomically comfortable, because they are making a profit. To build a better design, you’re going to need to learn from the companies who know how to use ergonomics to their advantage. In this section, I’m going to discuss the workstations of some of the world’s leading companies.
1. Amazon: The Amazon Kindle is the ultimate ergonomic workstation.
The ergonomic way of thinking has informed the Kindle’s design, and the result is a device that’s comfortable to use as you read books.
Amazon wanted the display to be as big as possible to fit all of the text without sacrificing any of the smaller text on the bottom. This is also one of the reasons why the Kindle has a backlight.